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Brain, Perception, MemoryAdvances in Cognitive Neuroscience$
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Johan J. Bolhuis

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198524823

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 November 2020

Skill learning: the role of the cerebellum

Skill learning: the role of the cerebellum

(p.215) 12 Skill learning: the role of the cerebellum
Brain, Perception, Memory

David A.T. King

Richard F. Thompson

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a thorough review of the work that led to the identification of a restricted region of the cerebellum as the site of the ‘engram’ for skill learning. The chapter discusses the criteria that have to be met before one is able to assign a role for a particular region of the brain as a substrate for memory. It then discusses how a combination of reversible neural inactivation and electrophysiology was used to establish that the nucleus interpositus and overlying cerebellar cortex contain the neural substrate for eyeblink conditioning in the rabbit. The chapter then reviews other evidence suggesting that this region of the cerebellum is also involved in other forms of motor skill learning, in the rabbit and in other species including humans. There is evidence that long-term depression, a long-term reduction in synaptic efficacy, plays an important role.

Keywords:   cerebellum, eyeblink conditioning, motor skill learning, long-term depression, synaptic efficacy

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