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Brain, Perception, MemoryAdvances in Cognitive Neuroscience$
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Johan J. Bolhuis

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198524823

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524823.001.0001

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(p.87) Introduction
Brain, Perception, Memory

Johan J. Bolhuis

Oxford University Press

This chapter gives an overview of the strong controversies in the study of learning and memory. Here, a number of leading paradigms are reviewed that investigate the brain mechanisms of learning and memory at the level of molecules, neurons, and neuronal circuits. The chapters in this part of the book concentrate on mechanisms at the cellular and circuit level. Some experts have argued that such a localization of function is essential for a successful analysis of the neural mechanisms of learning and memory. Most agree that learning and memory involves changes in the connections between neurons. Information storage involves changes in the effectiveness of existing connections, a view later shared by Hebb. Hebb essentially suggested that information storage involved an increase in the area of contact between the pre- and postsynaptic neuron.

Keywords:   learning, memory, brain mechanisms, neuronal circuits, postsynaptic neuron

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