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The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music$
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Isabelle Peretz and Robert J. Zatorre

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525202

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.001.0001

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Music and the Neurologist: A Historical Perspective

Music and the Neurologist: A Historical Perspective

(p.180) (p.181) Chapter 12 Music and the Neurologist: A Historical Perspective
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

John C. M. Brust

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a historical perspective of music and the neurologist. Neurological disorders affecting musical function can produce either positive or negative symptoms. It starts by presenting the positive phenomena. This is followed by negative phenomena, such as amusia and aphasia. In addition, the studies of brain-damaged populations and normal subjects are reported. As with brain-damaged patients, studies of normal subjects involve particular aspects of musical experience — auditory (pitch, harmony, timbre, interval, contour); visual (notational score, which includes real words; notes designated by letter but represented spatially, with duration indicated by appearance; purely musical symbols, such as rests, fermata, clef, crescendo, staccato, and repeat; and display of both simultaneous and sequential sounds), motor (performance, dance); memory; and emotion.

Keywords:   music, neurologist, neurological disorders, amusia, aphasia, brain-damaged populations, musical function

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