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The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music$
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Isabelle Peretz and Robert J. Zatorre

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525202

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.001.0001

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Musical Sound Processing: EEG and MEG Evidence

Musical Sound Processing: EEG and MEG Evidence

(p.294) Chapter 19 Musical Sound Processing: EEG and MEG Evidence
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Mari Tervaniemi

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a discussion on the evidence on musical sound processing. Data acquired in the mismatch negativity (MMN) paradigm have shown that temporally and spectrally complex sounds as well as their relations are automatically represented in the human auditory cortex. Furthermore, the MMN data indicate that these neural sound representations are spatially distinct between phonetic and musical sounds within and between the cerebral hemispheres. The majority of the MMN studies were conducted in pitch dimension but also temporal aspects of sound processing are under increasing experimentation. Up to some extent, also musical expertise is reflected in sound representation accuracy as indexed by the MMN. In addition, an overview on studies using musical sounds and sound successions to investigate the automatic neural sound processing is given. The chapter then outlines the recent studies comparing musicians and nonmusicians. In general, the results offer fundamental insight to the brains' ability to encode and differentiate acoustically complex sounds despite the focus of the listener's attention.

Keywords:   musical sound processing, mismatch negativity paradigm, auditory cortex, cerebral hemispheres, pitch dimension, temporal, sound successions

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