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The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music$
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Isabelle Peretz and Robert J. Zatorre

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525202

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.001.0001

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How many Music Centres are in the Brain?

How many Music Centres are in the Brain?

(p.346) Chapter 22 How many Music Centres are in the Brain?
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Eckart O. Altenmüller

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents a longitudinal experiment that compares the effects of procedural vs explicit music teaching on brain networks. It shows that cortical activation during music processing reflects the auditory ‘learning biography’, the personal experiences accumulated over time. Listening to music, learning to play an instrument, formal instruction, and professional training result in multiple, in many instances multisensory, representations of music, which seem to be partly interchangeable and rapidly adaptive. Topics addressed include changing concepts in neuromusicology, concepts of perceptive modules and hierarchies, ‘music centres’ in the brain reflecting the auditory biography, and a tentative model on brain substrates of music processing. In summary, as soon as ‘real music’ is considered apart from laboratory experiments, one can expect individually formed and quickly adaptive brain substrates, including widely distributed neuronal networks in both hemispheres.

Keywords:   music, brain, neuromusicology, music centres, music teaching, auditory biography, neuronal networks

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