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Coronary Heart Disease EpidemiologyFrom aetiology to public health$
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Michael Marmot and Paul Elliott

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198525738

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.001.0001

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Primary prevention of high blood pressure

Primary prevention of high blood pressure

(p.751) Chapter 43 Primary prevention of high blood pressure
Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology

P. Elliott

J. Stamler

Oxford University Press

Raised blood pressure (BP) is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) and the major risk factor for stroke. It is one of the most important underlying risk factors for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in the world today, ranking above tobacco in estimates of the worldwide attributable burden of mortality. This chapter reviews the risks of premature mortality and increased morbidity associated with raised BP, and the risk factors that lead to raised BP in individuals and populations. It then addresses how this knowledge can inform preventive strategies to reduce the population burden of BP-related diseases.

Keywords:   hypertension, coronary heart disease, cardiovascular disease, risk factor

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