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Numerical Methods for Structured Markov Chains$
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Dario A. Bini, Guy Latouche, and Beatrice Meini

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198527688

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527688.001.0001

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Numerical Methods for Structured Markov Chains

D. A. Bini

G. Latouche

B. Meini

Oxford University Press

Some specialized structures are investigated in this chapter and some of the algorithms in previous chapters are adapted to the specific cases. Markov chains with limited displacement (non-skip-free processes) are solved by means of functional iterations and cyclic reduction. Markov chains of M/G/1-type are reduced to a special QBD process with infinite blocks and treated with cyclic reduction. Finally, three different algorithms for tree-like stochastic processes, relying on fixed point iterations, Newton’s iteration, and cyclic reduction, are introduced and analysed.

Keywords:   non-skip-free processes, fixed-point iterations, cyclic reduction, M/G/1-type Markov chains, QBD processes, tree-like processes, Newton’s iteration

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