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Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction$
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André Authier

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198528920

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.001.0001

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Historical developments 1

Historical developments 1

Chapter:
(p.3) I Historical developments1
Source:
Dynamical Theory of X-Ray Diffraction
Author(s):

ANDRÉ AUTHIER

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528920.003.0001

This chapter provides a historical introduction to X-ray dynamical diffraction. It starts with an account of Ewald's thesis on the dispersion of light and of the famous experiment of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals by M. Laue, W. Friedrich, and P. Knipping. The successive steps in the development of the theory of X-ray diffraction are then summarized: Laue's and Darwin's geometrical theories; Darwin's, Ewald's, and Laue's dynamical theories; early experimental proofs, the notion of extinction and the mosaic crystal model, observation in the fifties and sixties of the fundamental properties of the X-ray wavefields in crystals (anomalous absorption and the Borrmann effect, double refraction, Pendellösung, bent trajectories in deformed crystals), extension of the dynamical theory to the case of deformed crystals, modern applications for the characterization of crystal defects and X-ray optics for synchrotron radiation.

Keywords:   dynamical theory, geometrical theory, extinction, mosaic crystals, anomalous absorption, Borrmann effect, X-ray optics, characterization, synchrotron radiation

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