Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Accurate Clock Pendulums$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Robert J. Matthys

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198529712

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 March 2021

Pendulum rod materials

Pendulum rod materials

(p.155) Chapter 21 Pendulum rod materials
Accurate Clock Pendulums

Robert James Matthys

Oxford University Press

Over time, several different materials have been used for the pendulum rod such as steel, wood, and invar. The best material is quartz because of its proven stability and low thermal expansion. Steel is used for the pendulum rod in simple ordinary clocks because it is cheap and has relatively low thermal expansion. Wood is sometimes recommended because of its low linear thermal expansion coefficient along the grain, but it is an inherently unstable material. It warps, splits, and exhibits a high mechanical creep under load. Worst of all, wood expands and contracts considerably with relative humidity. Invar is a mixture of 36% nickel and 63% iron. It is magnetic and rusts in a humid environment. A new material of interest for the pendulum rod is carbon fibre, but it may not work too well as a pendulum rod as the epoxy absorbs moisture, changing the rod's length and weight.

Keywords:   pendulum rod, steel, wood, quartz, carbon fibre, invar, thermal expansion, stability, relative humidity

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .