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Accurate Clock Pendulums$
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Robert J. Matthys

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198529712

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529712.001.0001

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Transient temperature effects in a pendulum

Transient temperature effects in a pendulum

(p.43) Chapter 9 Transient temperature effects in a pendulum
Accurate Clock Pendulums

Robert James Matthys

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes some transient temperature measurements made on a pendulum with a quartz pendulum rod. Time offset error occurs because different parts of the pendulum change temperature at different rates. Before and after a temperature change, the pendulum is the right length (hopefully) and runs at the right rate. But during the temperature change, the pendulum is the wrong length, due to its different parts changing temperature at different rates, and it runs at the wrong rate during the temperature change interval. Experiments were carried out to measure the pendulum temperatures using small thermistors. The pyrex sleeve provides about one-third of the temperature compensation, while two thin-walled pyrex tubes located on opposite sides of the quartz pendulum rod provide the other two-third. The temperature data provide an interesting look into the thermodynamics of a pendulum. The suspension spring assembly changes temperature relatively slowly, whereas the bob, with its large thermal mass, changes temperature the slowest of any part of the pendulum.

Keywords:   transient temperature, pendulum, temperature measurements, quartz pendulum rod, temperature compensation, bob, suspension spring, thermodynamics, temperature change

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