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Visual MaskingTime slices through conscious and unconscious vision$
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Bruno Breitmeyer and Haluk Ogmen

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198530671

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530671.001.0001

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Models and mechanisms of visual masking: a selective review and comparison

Models and mechanisms of visual masking: a selective review and comparison

Chapter:
(p.99) Chapter 4 Models and mechanisms of visual masking: a selective review and comparison
Source:
Visual Masking
Author(s):

Bruno G. Breitmeyer

Haluk ÖĞmen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530671.003.0004

This chapter presents models and mechanisms of masking according to five distinguishing characteristics: (i) models based on spatiotemporal response sequences; (ii) models adopting some version of an overtake hypothesis; (iii) models based on two separate neural processes or channel activations; (iv) models relying on stimulus or object substitution; and (v) models based on emergent properties of distributed neural networks. The models discussed in detail include spatiotemporal sequence models (Kahneman's impossible motion model, Matin's three-neuron model, and Burr's spatiotemporal receptive field model), two-process models (Ganz's interactive trace decay and random encoding time model, Reeves' temporal integration and segregation model, and Navon and Purcell's integration and interruption model), neural network models (Bridgeman's Hartline–Ratliff inhibitory network, Weisstein's Rashevsky–Landahl two-factor neural network, perceptual retouch model, and Boundary Contour System (BCS) model), and object substitution models.

Keywords:   visual masking, spatiotemporal sequence models, two-process models, neural network models, object substitution models

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