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Disease EcologyCommunity structure and pathogen dynamics$
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Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198567080

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.001.0001

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Spatial-temporal dynamics of rabies in ecological communities

Spatial-temporal dynamics of rabies in ecological communities

(p.168) chapter 12 Spatial-temporal dynamics of rabies in ecological communities
Disease Ecology

Leslie A. Real

James E. Childs

Oxford University Press

As new species invade novel geographic regions, they have the propensity to reorganize multi-species community interactions. The expansion of the rabies virus in Europe and across the eastern United States provides a model system for comparing the linkage between community dynamics and the spatio-temporal dynamics of an invading parasite and its hosts. The European rabies epizootic has been largely restricted to a single terrestrial carnivore host — the red fox — while the US rabies epizootic has involved multiple terrestrial carnivore hosts including raccoons, foxes, skunks, coyotes, and domestic animals. This chapter reviews mathematical models that predict the spatio-temporal patterns of rabies occurring in different reservoir hosts, and explores the implications of the geographic range expansion of the rabies virus within a specific host — the raccoon — on host-shift and spill-over dynamics among alternate hosts.

Keywords:   spatial models, red fox, raccoon, parasite, invasion, virus, carnivore, host, community, host shift

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