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Disease EcologyCommunity structure and pathogen dynamics$
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Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198567080

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.001.0001

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Community ecology meets epidemiology: the case of Lyme disease

Community ecology meets epidemiology: the case of Lyme disease

Chapter:
(p.28) chapter 3 Community ecology meets epidemiology: the case of Lyme disease
Source:
Disease Ecology
Author(s):

Richard Ostfeld

Felicia Keesing

Katheleen Lo Giudice

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0003

A single case of Lyme disease involves at least six species: the human patient, the bacterial pathogen, the tick vector, and a vertebrate host for each of the three blood-feeding life stages of the tick. Each of these six species potentially interacts with one another and with other species within their communities. Disease systems also involve a larger network of species that play indirect but critical roles in determining disease risk. Both mammal species richness and species composition are critical to the prevalence of Lyme disease in northeastern US forests, and the functional roles of particular species often depends on the composition of the remaining community.

Keywords:   tick, vector, host, vertebrate, mammal, species richness, community, pathogen, bacteria, indirect effects

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