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Habitat Management for ConservationA Handbook of Techniques$
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Malcolm Ausden

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780198568728

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.001.0001

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Dwarf-shrub habitats and shrublands

Dwarf-shrub habitats and shrublands

(p.131) 6 Dwarf-shrub habitats and shrublands
Habitat Management for Conservation

Malcolm Ausden

Oxford University Press

Dwarf-shrubs are vegetation types dominated by low (less than 3-4 m high), predominantly evergreen, shrubs, typically on soils with low nutrient availability. Characteristic dwarf-shrub vegetation and shrublands occur in the five regions of the world with Mediterranean-type climates of mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers: phrygana/garrigue and maquis in the Mediterranean; coastal sage scrub and chaparral in California; mattoral in Chile; fynbos in South Africa; and mallee and heathland/kwongan in southern and western Australia. This chapter discusses the factors influencing the suitability of dwarf-shrub habitats for plants and animals, general principles of managing dwarf-shrub vegetation and shrublands, burning, grazing and browsing, European Atlantic lowland heathlands, and Atlantic upland heaths and moorlands.

Keywords:   habitat management, grazing, browsing, lowland heathlands, upland heaths, moorlands

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