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Cicely Saunders – Founder of the Hospice MovementSelected letters 1959–1999$
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David Clark

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198569695

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569695.001.0001

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An exacting joy (1986–1999)

An exacting joy (1986–1999)

(p.267) Part 3 An exacting joy (1986–1999) (p.268)
Cicely Saunders – Founder of the Hospice Movement

David Clark

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the maturity of the hospice movement that Cicely Saunders first founded in the early 1960s. In the period from 1986 to 1999, new hospices began to arise that incorporated the concept of palliative care centred on the qualities of the social movement in its formative years. This movement, inspired by Saunders, was believed to have contributed to the new openness on death and bereavement in the late twentieth century. It was a movement that condemned neglect of the dying; called for high-quality pain and symptom management for all; sought to reconstruct death as a natural phenomenon rather than a clinical failure; and maintained a practical and moral argument against euthanasia. In the mid-1980s, Saunders stepped down as Medical Director and became the Chairman of the hospice. This gave her time to reflect on her achievements, on major developments, and on consolidations that had to be addressed. It also afforded Saunders time to focus on her husband, on her domestic duties, and on her spirituality.

Keywords:   maturity, hospice movement, 1986 to 1999, new hospices, palliative care, social movement, death, bereavement

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