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The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working
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Naoyuki Osaka, Robert H. Logie, and Mark D'Esposito

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780198570394

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 January 2021

The time-based resource-sharing model of working memory

The time-based resource-sharing model of working memory

(p.59) 4 The time-based resource-sharing model of working memory
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Pierre Barrouillet

Valérie Camos

Oxford University Press

This chapter develops an interpretation of the working memory span task as reflecting the rapid switching of a single, limited capacity attentional resource between the processing element and rehearsal of the items for recall. It argues that memory trace is subject to decay over time and demonstrates that when attention is captured by demanding processing tasks that prevent time for rehearsal, the result is poorer memory performance. This view then is of a system in which capacity is limited by time and by attention.

Keywords:   attention, memory performance, working memory, memory trace, memory decay

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