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The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working
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Naoyuki Osaka, Robert H. Logie, and Mark D'Esposito

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780198570394

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.001.0001

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Working memory and short-term memory storage

Working memory and short-term memory storage

What does backward recall tell us?

(p.153) 9 Working memory and short-term memory storage
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Gerald Tehan

Kaye Mills

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses whether there is a common short-term verbal memory system that supports simple (e.g. forward serial recall span) and more complex (e.g. backward serial recall) verbal span tasks. It presents data demonstrating that phonological coding appears to be used in both forward and backward recall, suggesting that the same memory store might be involved in simple and complex verbal memory. One contrast is that word length effects are present for forward but not backward recall, and this is offered for further investigation.

Keywords:   backward recall, forward recall, verbal memory, short-term memory, memory storage

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