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An Introduction to Health Planning for Developing Health Systems$
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Andrew Green

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780198571346

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571346.001.0001

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The policy context

The policy context

(p.55) 3 The policy context
An Introduction to Health Planning for Developing Health Systems

Andrew Green (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces some of the key policy themes that have been central to the health sector over the last twenty years. It begins by examining the policy of primary health care (PHC), which for many countries was the foundation of their health policies in the 1980s. In the 1990s, emphasis shifted away from PHC towards issues related to the structure of the health sector. Health sector reform (HSR) or health system development (HSD) policies (as they are now more commonly known) have become a major concern of many external partners and health ministries; the chapter examines the key elements of these that were promoted in the 1990s and subsequently. The post-millennium period and a number of more recent policy issues and developments are considered, including increased globalization and the focus on human resources. The chapter concludes by looking at the implications of these policies for effective health planning.

Keywords:   primary health care, Alma-Ata Declaration, PHC, health sector reform, health system development, health policy

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