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Winding up the British Empire in the Pacific Islands$
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W. David McIntyre

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198702436

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702436.001.0001

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‘Coming to the Most Difficult Period of Decolonization’

‘Coming to the Most Difficult Period of Decolonization’

The Lady Margaret Hall Conference, 1965

(p.114) 9 ‘Coming to the Most Difficult Period of Decolonization’
Winding up the British Empire in the Pacific Islands

W. David McIntyre

Oxford University Press

On coming to power in 1964 Harold Wilson determined to wind up the empire. He told his Colonial Secretary Anthony Greenwood to work himself out of a job. Greenwood called a conference at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, to work out ways of ending British colonialism. Although the policy was now to give independence to any colony that wanted it and could sustain it, officials decided the only Pacific territory tto qualify, as yet, was Tonga. All the others needed continuing association with Britain. Following the Oxford conference there was a conference on Fijian affairs at Marlborough House where it was agreed that internal self-government should follow democratic elections, but that the ultimate constitutional future was yet to be decided.

Keywords:   Harold Wilson, Anthony Greenwood, Lady Margaret Hall, Marlborough House, Tonga, Fiji

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