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Winding up the British Empire in the Pacific Islands$
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W. David McIntyre

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198702436

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702436.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 27 January 2022

‘The British Empire is Past History’

‘The British Empire is Past History’

Retreat from ‘Never’ Land Begins: Tonga and Fiji, 1970

Chapter:
(p.146) (p.147) 11 ‘The British Empire is Past History’
Source:
Winding up the British Empire in the Pacific Islands
Author(s):

W. David McIntyre

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702436.003.0012

The influence of the Western Samoa and Nauru precedents and the UN mood of anti-colonialism lead the British government to extend decolonization into the Pacific islands. Tonga, as a protected state, had long been largely self-governing under its constitutional monarch. Ending the last colonial ties was done by a simple exchange of letters in 1970 and saw Tonga ‘return to the comity nations’. In Fiji a compromise between the ruling indigenous-Fijian-dominated Alliance Party and the Indo-Fijian Federation Party agreed to independence based on a complex communally based electoral system. At the Singapore Commonwealth conference in 1971, Heath declared that the British empire was ‘past history’.

Keywords:   Protected state, Tonga, Fiji, indigenous Fijians, Indo-Fijians, Edward Heath

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