Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Hugh M. Thomas

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198702566

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702566.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 November 2020

The Wealth of the Secular Clergy

The Wealth of the Secular Clergy

(p.55) 4 The Wealth of the Secular Clergy
The Secular Clergy in England, 1066–1216

Hugh M. Thomas

Oxford University Press

Collectively, the secular clergy controlled a massive amount of wealth. This derived mainly from ecclesiastical sources, including the lands of cathedrals and collegiate churches, the profits of church office, and the revenues of parish churches, but some came from secular sources, such as the ownership of land or income from royal office. Many clerics were poor, but large numbers were prosperous, and many elite clerics, especially pluralists, had incomes equivalent to knights or even barons. As landowners and estate managers, clerics contributed to economic development, perhaps even bringing the habits of systematic analysis learned in the schools to economic issues. As lenders, debtors, and above all as consumers, clerics contributed to the gradual but continuous commercialization of the English economy. Clerical riches formed another source of religious tension, however, and though some clerics defended clerical wealth, it produced widespread unease.

Keywords:   secular clergy, wealth, economic development, commercialization, pluralism

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .