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An Introduction to Primate Conservation$
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Serge A. Wich and Andrew J. Marshall

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198703389

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703389.001.0001

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Infectious disease and primate conservation

Infectious disease and primate conservation

(p.157) Chapter 10 Infectious disease and primate conservation
An Introduction to Primate Conservation

Charles L. Nunn

Thomas R. Gillespie

Oxford University Press

Infectious disease is an important factor that may contribute to primate population declines. In addition, as primate species are lost, the parasitic organisms that coevolved with them are also lost. This chapter considers these and other links between infectious disease and primate conservation. It begins by considering the broader context of how parasites might influence conservation goals more generally, with some examples from non-primate taxa. These examples are used to better understand the links between infectious disease and primate conservation, focusing on case studies involving Ebola, yellow fever, respiratory infections, and environmentally transmitted infections. How biodiversity itself may influence disease risk for both wildlife and humans is also considered, and how parasites may contribute to the generation of biodiversity and to the resilience and vigour of ecological communities. The chapter ends with practical considerations, including ways to limit the spillover of disease from humans and domesticated animals to wild primates.

Keywords:   biodiversity, infectious disease, conservation, parasite, ecotourism, spillover, disease risk

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