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Voices of ConscienceRoyal Confessors and Political Counsel in Seventeenth-Century Spain and France$
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Nicole Reinhardt

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198703686

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703686.001.0001

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A Case Study: The Expulsion of the Moriscos

A Case Study: The Expulsion of the Moriscos

(p.195) 9 A Case Study: The Expulsion of the Moriscos
Voices of Conscience

Nicole Reinhardt

Oxford University Press

Following on from the overview of the confessors’ fields of intervention, this chapter provides a close-up analysis of the stages of counsel and decision-making that led to the expulsion of the Moriscos from Spain in 1609. The expulsion caused wide political and social debate with opponents as well as zealous defenders like the archbishop of Valencia Ribera appealing directly to the ‘royal conscience’. Confessors were therefore deeply involved in the relevant policy discussions in the Council of State until 1608. Confessor Jerónimo Xavierre in particular opposed the political drift towards expulsion; he denied that the measure was morally or legally justifiable, but conceded that reason of state arguments could be made on grounds of necessity and state security. After his death, his successor Aliaga did not immediately enter the Council of State, but assisted in juntas examining the practical questions surrounding the expulsion of Morisco children.

Keywords:   Moriscos, expulsion, Council of State, Juan de Ribera, Jerónimo Xavierre, Luis de Aliaga, juntas

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