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Social Finance

Alex Nicholls, Rob Paton, and Jed Emerson


Social finance is now a multibillion dollar market that encompasses ethical investment (including finance for green businesses), community investment to support economic development in deprived areas, ‘impact investing’, investment in developing countries, co-operative and mutual finance, along with a wide range of initiatives in the financing of philanthropic ventures, not-for-profits and social enterprises, new approaches to the funding of public services, ‘crowdfunding’, microfinance, and much else besides. It is a rapidly advancing area of practice, policy, and research, but remains an und ... More

Keywords: social finance, impact investing, co-operative and mutual finance, Social Impact Bonds, venture philanthropy, social value, non-profit finance, blended value, social embeddedness, microfinance

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780198703761
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703761.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Alex Nicholls, editor
Professor of Social Entrepreneurship within the Skoll Centre for Social Entrepreneurship at Saïd Business School, University of Oxford

Rob Paton, editor
Department of Public Leadership and Social Enterprise, The Open University

Jed Emerson, editor
Founder, Blended Value Group

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Social finance

Alex Nicholls and Jed Emerson

Part I Contexts and Debates

1 Social finance

Geoff Mulgan

4 Philanthrocapitalism comes of age

Matthew Bishop and Michael Green

Part II The Landscape

6 Microfinance

Nicholas Sabin

7 Venture philanthropy

Rob John and Jed Emerson

8 Impact investing

Anna Oleksiak, Alex Nicholls, and Jed Emerson

Part III Models and Metrics

9 Measuring social impact

Alex Nicholls, Jeremy Nicholls, and Rob Paton

10 Risk and return in social finance

Alex Nicholls and Emma Tomkinson

12 The Peterborough Pilot Social Impact Bond

Alex Nicholls and Emma Tomkinson

Part IV Infrastructure

14 Public policy for social finance in context

Roger Spear, Rob Paton, and Alex Nicholls

15 Building the social finance infrastructure

Rodney Schwartz, Clare Jones, and Alex Nicholls

Part V Future Directions

17 Investing for social impact

Peter Hinton and Sweta Penemetsa

19 Environmental impact investing

Jacob Harold, Joshua Spitzer, Jed Emerson, and Marieke Spence


Dan Gregory

End Matter