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The Responsibility to ProtectA Defense$
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Alex J. Bellamy

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198704119

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704119.001.0001

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A Trojan Horse?

A Trojan Horse?

Chapter:
(p.112) 6 A Trojan Horse?
Source:
The Responsibility to Protect
Author(s):

Alex J. Bellamy

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704119.003.0007

This chapter considers the argument that R2P is a front for Western neo-imperialism. It shows that there is little evidence to support this claim and that this argument ignores the extensive contribution of non-Western actors to the development and practice of R2P. In particular, it shows that African practice in the field of armed intervention is well in advance of practice in the UN more generally and that unilateral armed intervention remains rare indeed. The chapter also points to the fact that there is no direct evidence that R2P is used by the West as a vehicle to promote neo-imperialism and that the critiques also downplay the checks and balances that are built into R2P. The chapter also discusses and rejects the theory of “moral hazard” which claims that principles like R2P actually cause the very violence they portend to stem by encouraging disenfranchized groups to launch armed rebellions in the hope of attracting foreign intervention. It finds little evidence, either in general trends or in the lived history of recent cases such as Bosnia and Syria to support this case.

Keywords:   neo-imperialism, Western hegemony, abuse, regime change, Liberalism, Iraq, moral hazard

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