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Salmonella Infections, Networks of Knowledge, and Public Health in Britain, 1880-1975$
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Anne Hardy

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198704973

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704973.001.0001

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Human Animals

Human Animals

(p.20) (p.21) 1 Human Animals
Salmonella Infections, Networks of Knowledge, and Public Health in Britain, 1880-1975

Anne Hardy

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces methods of outbreak investigation and the development of ideas about the causes of typhoid from the environmental pollution concepts of the 1880s to the identification of the human carrier in the early twentieth century. It discusses the problems surrounding the practical utilization of knowledge of the carrier concept and British attitudes to the typhoid eradication methods being used by Robert Koch in Germany, given the context of steadily falling British typhoid death rates. A number of typhoid outbreaks are considered in illustrating the continuing dominance of epidemiological approaches to disease outbreaks, with bacteriological analysis playing an ancillary role during the inter-war period, while the case of Southern Ireland illustrates the effectiveness of the new methods of control where they could be applied in a manageable geographical compass.

Keywords:   typhoid, environmental pollution, human carriers, Robert Koch, outbreaks, epidemiological approaches, bacteriology

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