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Placebo Effects – 2nd Edition: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Placebo Effects: 2nd Edition: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Fabrizio Benedetti


One of the most widespread words in medicine is placebo and placebo effect, although it is not always clear what it means exactly. Recent progress in biomedical research has allowed a better clarification of the placebo effect. This is an active psychobiological phenomenon which takes place in the patient’s brain and that is capable of influencing both the course of a disease and the response to a therapy. The psychosocial context around the patient is crucial to placebo effects, for example, the doctor’s words and attitudes, and this may have a profound impact on the patient’s brain which, in ... More

Keywords: placebo, nocebo, biological mechanisms, psychosocial context, expectation, conditioning, learning, disease, therapeutic intervention

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780198705086
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705086.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Fabrizio Benedetti, author
Professor of Neurophysiology and Human Physiology, Department of Neuroscience, University of Turin Medical School, Italy

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