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Beyond Experiments in Development EconomicsLocal Economy-wide Impact Evaluation$
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J. Edward Taylor and Mateusz J. Filipski

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198707875

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198707875.001.0001

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Gender and Saffron Price Shocks in Morocco’s Atlas Mountains

Gender and Saffron Price Shocks in Morocco’s Atlas Mountains

12 (p.250) Gender and Saffron Price Shocks in Morocco’s Atlas Mountains
Beyond Experiments in Development Economics

Travis Lybbert

Abdellah Aboudrare

Oxford University Press

Saffron is the dearest spice in the world and the main livelihood for households in the Taliouine-Taznakht region of Morocco’s Atlas Mountains. Global saffron prices reached record highs in recent years. Females perform the tedious task of processing the crocus flower in the harvest season, while males supply most labor to flower cultivation. Saffron-price spikes thus have ramifications for rural livelihoods as well as family dynamics. This chapter shows how to incorporate gender and seasonality into a local economy-wide model. In response to saffron-price spikes, male labor demand rises sharply in the pre-harvest season and female labor demand, in the harvest season. Larger producers hire workers from less-endowed households. Higher saffron prices create a tension between women’s time devoted to childcare and other reproduction activities, and to the saffron harvest.

Keywords:   export crop, global price shock, agricultural trade, cash crop, saffron, gender, seasonality, general equilibrium, production, reproduction

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