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Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage$
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Brian MacWhinney, Andrej Malchukov, and Edith Moravcsik

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198709848

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709848.001.0001

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(p.1) 1 Introduction
Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Edith Moravcsik

Oxford University Press

First, the concept of competing motivations is introduced as conflicting tendencies whose effects are detectable in grammar and in language use. Second, the basic issues involved in researching competing motivations are listed: what motivations compete? how are they manifested in synchronic structure and in the processes of language use, language acquisition, and historical change? what are possible ways in which competitions can be resolved? and what may explain the existence of competing motivations in language? Third, past research on the topic is surveyed, followed by summaries of the chapters with comments on the connections among the papers and on how the papers address the basic issues of the study of competing motivations.

Keywords:   conflict, conflict resolution, coexistence, adjustment, override, blocking

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