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The Visual (Un)Conscious and Its (Dis)ContentsA microtemporal approach$
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Bruno G. Breitmeyer

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198712237

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712237.001.0001

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Some psycho-philosophic assessments

Some psycho-philosophic assessments

(p.151) Chapter 9 Some psycho-philosophic assessments
The Visual (Un)Conscious and Its (Dis)Contents

Bruno G. Breitmeyer

Oxford University Press

Consciousness provides an arena for philosophic and scientific disputes. One such is whether or not consciousness is one or many. This is played out not only in terms of one global macroconsciousness versus several local microconsciousnesses but also in terms of phenomenal consciousness versus access consciousness. Regarding the former, arguments are presented supporting the nonexistence of separate shape and color microconsciousnesses. Regarding the latter, counterarguments are presented to those that criticize the distinction between the two types of consciousness. Moreover, it is argued that all consciousness is phenomenal, and is distinguishable on the basis of transitions from nonselective, globally allocated attention to selective, locally allocated attention in the visual field. Other disputes revolve around the existence of visual qualia and the perceptual filling-in/out of surface features. Stalinesque vs. Orwellian accounts of the transitions from unconscious to conscious levels of processing are also presented.

Keywords:   phenomenal consciousness, access consciousness, macroconsciousness, microconsciousnesses, qualia, Stalinesque/Orwellian scenarios

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