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The Syntax of Old Romanian$
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Gabriela Pană Dindelegan

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198712350

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712350.001.0001

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The verb and its arguments: the root clause

The verb and its arguments: the root clause

(p.14) 2 The verb and its arguments: the root clause
The Syntax of Old Romanian

Rodica Zafiu

Alexandru Nicolae

Dana Niculescu

Gabriela Pană Dindelegan

Irina Nicula Paraschiv

Adina Dragomirescu

Andra Vasilescu

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents the main aspects related to the following problems: syntax of moods and tenses, pronominal clitics (position of clitics in the clause, clitic climbing structures, position of clitics relative to the finite and non-finite verbal forms, to the weak adverbs and the negator, clitic clusters), syntactic variation in the verbal domain (variant arguments, reflexive and non-reflexive verbs, variation in the selection of the preposition), arguments (subject, objects – direct, secondary, indirect, prepositional objects –, property-denoting complements) and their main changes in the passage to modern Romanian. Special attention is paid to the several constructions involving overall clausal structures (be-passive vs. se-passive, middle and anaphoric reflexives, reciprocal structures, and adverbal possessive dative clitics).

Keywords:   mood, tense, clitic, syntactic variation, argument structure, passive, reflexive construction, reciprocal construction, adverbal possessive clitic

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