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HologramsA Cultural History$
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Sean F. Johnston

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198712763

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712763.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 January 2022

Hologram Secrets

Hologram Secrets

(p.53) 4 Hologram Secrets

Sean F. Johnston

Oxford University Press

This chapter returns to professional cultures, which became increasingly covert and interdependent after the Second World War. It focuses on postwar environments in which innovators and audiences for new imaging technologies interacted, and in which the earliest holograms were conceived and nurtured. The first was a British industrial lab that conceived a new form of microscope based on the invention of holograms, and the European audiences for it. The second was a team of American engineers who developed a sophisticated military radar imager, and the third was the principal optical institute of the Soviet Union, where an optical device for recording light waves was investigated. The schemes were awkward hybrids of electronics and optics that combined high sciences in unfamiliar ways. The inventions equally challenged working cultures. While innovative scientists were unimpressed with its potential for microscopy, engineers became fascinated by the key component at the heart of these systems: the hologram.

Keywords:   secrecy, scientific culture, microscopy, radar, postwar, invention, Cold War, hologram, electronic imaging, analogue imaging, imaging

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