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HologramsA Cultural History$
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Sean F. Johnston

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198712763

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712763.001.0001

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Hologram Secrets

Hologram Secrets

Chapter:
(p.53) 4 Hologram Secrets
Source:
Holograms
Author(s):

Sean F. Johnston

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712763.003.0004

This chapter returns to professional cultures, which became increasingly covert and interdependent after the Second World War. It focuses on postwar environments in which innovators and audiences for new imaging technologies interacted, and in which the earliest holograms were conceived and nurtured. The first was a British industrial lab that conceived a new form of microscope based on the invention of holograms, and the European audiences for it. The second was a team of American engineers who developed a sophisticated military radar imager, and the third was the principal optical institute of the Soviet Union, where an optical device for recording light waves was investigated. The schemes were awkward hybrids of electronics and optics that combined high sciences in unfamiliar ways. The inventions equally challenged working cultures. While innovative scientists were unimpressed with its potential for microscopy, engineers became fascinated by the key component at the heart of these systems: the hologram.

Keywords:   secrecy, scientific culture, microscopy, radar, postwar, invention, Cold War, hologram, electronic imaging, analogue imaging, imaging

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