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Religious Actors and International Law$
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Ioana Cismas

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198712824

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712824.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 August 2021

The Organization of Islamic Cooperation as Interpreter of Human Rights in the Context of Islam

The Organization of Islamic Cooperation as Interpreter of Human Rights in the Context of Islam

Chapter:
(p.239) 5 The Organization of Islamic Cooperation as Interpreter of Human Rights in the Context of Islam
Source:
Religious Actors and International Law
Author(s):

Ioana Cismas

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712824.003.0006

This chapter seeks to unearth what drives the OIC’s codification of human rights: cultural relativism as exceptions to universal norms, or a regionalism that provides context-sensitive approaches to applying shared standards? The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam is critically examined against the background of OIC members’ human rights treaty obligations. The Declaration subjects the rights therein to sharia, and fails to reflect the majority of OIC members’ understanding of human rights and to guide their conduct in this area. The chapter also exposes the non-accommodation by international law of claims to religious exceptionalism and examines the accountability of the OIC as an international organization. The Covenant on the Rights of the Child in Islam and the Statute of the OIC human rights commission present a certain potential for a context-sensitive application of human rights, provided they are read in light of existing international obligations of OIC members.

Keywords:   Organization of Islamic Cooperation, Islam, cultural relativism, fragmentation, Cairo Declaration of Human Rights in Islam, Convention on the Rights of the Child in Islam, OIC Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission, accountability, international organizations

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