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Sparing Civilians$
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Seth Lazar

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198712985

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712985.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 December 2021

Opportunistic and Eliminative Killing

Opportunistic and Eliminative Killing

(p.56) 3 Opportunistic and Eliminative Killing
Sparing Civilians

Seth Lazar

Oxford University Press

Opportunistic killing derives a benefit from the victim that one could not have secured in his absence. Eliminative killing leaves one no better off than had the victim not been there. Opportunistic killing disrespects the victim more gravely than eliminative killing and is, other things equal, more seriously wrongful. Almost all killing in war involves both eliminative and opportunistic elements. But killing civilians is typically more opportunistic than killing soldiers, and for this reason is worse.

Keywords:   just war theory, civilians, killing, noncombatant immunity, international law, eliminative and opportunistic agency, Warren Quinn, terrorism, self-defence

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