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Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1Metaphysics and Epistemology$
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Michael Brownstein and Jennifer Saul

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198713241

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713241.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 28 January 2022

Stereotype Threat and Persons

Stereotype Threat and Persons

(p.130) 1.5 Stereotype Threat and Persons
Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1

Ron Mallon

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the phenomenon of “stereotype threat”: the perceived threat of confirming a deleterious stereotype about a group to which one belongs. While most work on stereotype threat interprets it as an implicit, automatic response to a social situation, I explore the possibility of understanding the phenomenon as an intentional, strategic response of persons to their situations. Explanations adverting to persons and their reasons are intimately bound up with our treating persons as persons, for example, in holding them to be reason-governed and responsible. I explore and articulate both personal and subpersonal interpretations of stereotype threat, and I suggest that subpersonal accounts of stereotype threat are incomplete: they fail to account for phenomena better explained by a personalist interpretation.

Keywords:   stereotype threat, implicit attitudes, automatic, personal, subpersonal, bias

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