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Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1Metaphysics and Epistemology$
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Michael Brownstein and Jennifer Saul

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198713241

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713241.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 27 January 2022

Stereotype Threat, Epistemic Injustice, and Rationality

Stereotype Threat, Epistemic Injustice, and Rationality

(p.216) 2.3 Stereotype Threat, Epistemic Injustice, and Rationality
Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 1

Stacey Goguen

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues for a more comprehensive account of stereotype threat, since current accounts and descriptions focus only on the phenomenon’s ability to hinder performance. Its other effects are consistently underemphasized or ignored. As part of an expanded account, the chapter focuses on the effect of self-doubt, which can deeply impact individuals’ epistemic agency and sense of self. That is, stereotype threat can erode epistemic self-trust by undermining an individual’s faith in their own rationality and personhood. When this processes is exacerbated by the marginalization of that individual’s social identity, it becomes a form of epistemic injustice. Thus, while stereotype threat’s well-known effects on performance are important, they are nowhere near the whole picture.

Keywords:   stereotype threat, performance, self-doubt, epistemic agency, rationality, personhood, social identity, epistemic injustice

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