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Architecture and Urbanism in the British Empire$
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G. A. Bremner

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198713326

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713326.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 10 May 2021

The Australian Colonies

The Australian Colonies

(p.318) 9 The Australian Colonies
Architecture and Urbanism in the British Empire

Stuart King

Julie Willis

Oxford University Press

Australian architecture began with the traditional structures built by its indigenous inhabitants, from permanent stone structures to lightweight impermanent shelters. The arrival of colonists in 1788 introduced British architectural sensibilities to the continent. Architectural influence from the British Isles dominated the next century, periodically refreshed by new architect arrivals. Stylistically, architectural fashions moved from plain-faced Georgian and reductive Greek to Roman, Renaissance, and Gothic revivals, before mineral-driven wealth encouraged exuberant fusions of Gothic and classical modes. The 1892 crash brought a seismic shift in architectural taste towards the Arts and Crafts movement, and burgeoning interest in an ‘Australian’ architecture as the new nation formed in 1901. British influence waned along with the decline of the British empire, with diverse local and international sources informing Australian architecture into the twentieth century.

Keywords:   Australia, architecture, British empire, vernacular, colonial, climatic adaptation, architectural education, architecture profession

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