This chapter gives an historical overview of the pre-colonial to post-independence architecture across Sub-Saharan Africa. Beginning with South Africa it tracks the architecture embodying ‘imperial’ ambition, including Herbert Baker’s work and the development of Johannesburg, before venturing north to cover the later ‘tropical modernist’ works of West Africa. Here, attention is given to the schools, universities, and health care buildings constructed following Development and Welfare grants. In addition to the government-sponsored works, commercial banks and offices are discussed, as well as attempts to deliver appropriate housing and residential schemes that married with the African political and meteorological climate. Finally, taking in the least researched part of the continent, the chapter moves East to touch upon educational and public works of Uganda and Zimbabwe.
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