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Architecture and Urbanism in the British Empire$
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G. A. Bremner

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198713326

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713326.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2021

Egypt and Mandatory Palestine and Iraq

Egypt and Mandatory Palestine and Iraq

(p.423) 12 Egypt and Mandatory Palestine and Iraq
Architecture and Urbanism in the British Empire

Samuel D. Albert

Oxford University Press

Often neglected as a sphere of British imperial influence, the Middle East was the site of some significant experiments in urbanism and architecture by British architects and planners in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This region, including Protectorate Egypt and Mandatory Palestine and Iraq, enabled an architecture that looked both backwards and forwards—backwards to the historic and romantic roots of ancient Babylonia, Christianity, and the Crusaders, and forwards as a means of developing a form of Modernism suited to its social and climatic conditions. Being a place of immense antiquity and spiritual significance, and therefore one of political and religious contestation, heritage conservation was also important in both managing and modernizing key urban centres. This chapter charts some of these developments and the concerns that accompanied them by examining the work of the principal British architects and planners involved.

Keywords:   Egypt, Iraq, Palestine, Jerusalem, Mandate, Protectorate, British, architecture, urbanism, heritage conservation

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