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Architecture and Urbanism in the British Empire$
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G. A. Bremner

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198713326

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198713326.001.0001

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Stones of Empire

Stones of Empire

Monuments, Memorials, and Manifest Authority

(p.86) 3 Stones of Empire
Architecture and Urbanism in the British Empire

G. A. Bremner

Oxford University Press

This chapter asks what it means to speak of ‘British imperial architecture’, seeking to expand on the specific relationship between built form and imperial authority/ideology in the wider British world. It discusses this relationship as articulated in specific examples, ranging from early modern Ireland through to nineteenth- and early twentieth-century South Africa and British India. Key buildings and architects considered include the Irish plantation strong house, the Custom House and Four Courts in Dublin, Herbert Baker and the Union Buildings in Pretoria, and Edwin Lutyens in New Delhi. In analysing these examples and more, the chapter traces the agency of individual architects and their patrons, the perceived ability of architecture to capture and represent ideas relating to national and imperial identity and control, as well as the tensions inherent in these relationships.

Keywords:   Imperial, monument, memorial, ideology, symbolism, architecture, British empire, national identity

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