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Humean Moral Pluralism$
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Michael B. Gill

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198714033

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714033.001.0001

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Moral Justification, Three Prioritarian Views, and Principled Trade-Offs

Moral Justification, Three Prioritarian Views, and Principled Trade-Offs

(p.153) 9 Moral Justification, Three Prioritarian Views, and Principled Trade-Offs
Humean Moral Pluralism

Michael B. Gill

Oxford University Press

A common criticism of monist moral theories is that they have certain unacceptable practical implications. It has often been claimed, for instance, that Kantian monists have to tell the truth to an evil-doer even when it will lead to the murder of an innocent person, and that consequentialist monists have to endorse the killing of one innocent person if his organs can be used for transplant to save the lives of five other people. This chapter examines how Kantians and consequentialists have responded to this criticism. It argues that their responses have been convincing only when they have made their theories pluralist—and that when they maintained their monism, their responses were unconvincing.

Keywords:   Stanley Benn, Brad Hooker, Barbara Herman, Shelly Kagan, rule-consequentialism

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