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Actual Consciousness$
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Ted Honderich

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198714385

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714385.001.0001

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Other Consciousness Theories, Criteria Again

Other Consciousness Theories, Criteria Again

(p.117) 5 Other Consciousness Theories, Criteria Again
Actual Consciousness

Ted Honderich

Oxford University Press

A bird’s-eye view of the melee of consciousness theories other than dualism and functionalism helps. One, presenting consciousness as supervenient on brain, clearly does not give you the nature of the consciousness. Another, mentalism, brings together conscious and unconscious mentality, but then conceives of the whole as consciousness, at least uninformatively. Naturalism, congenial to many, is vague. Aspectual theories such as panpsychism, advocated by distinguished thinkers, do not detain the rest of us. The many physicalisms have the recommendation of clearly preserving the reality of consciousness, its beginning and ending, while not preserving its difference sufficiently, or meeting particular objections. Distinct from all these cranialisms are the externalisms of Putnam, Burge, Noe, and Clark, from which your guide dissents. The main help of the bird’s-eye view is eight criteria for a theory, having to do with what is actual, actuality, reality, difference in kind, subjectivity, three sides of consciousness, naturalism, and relations.

Keywords:   supervenience, anomalous monism, mentalism, naturalism, aspectual theories, physicalisms, externalisms of Putnam, Burge, Noe, Clark

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