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Being, Freedom, and MethodThemes from the Philosophy of Peter van Inwagen$
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John A. Keller

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198715702

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715702.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 November 2021

Theories of Character

Theories of Character

(p.11) 1 Theories of Character
Being, Freedom, and Method

Michael J. Loux

Oxford University Press

The standard vocabulary employed in characterizing debates over what is called the problem of universals fails to do justice to the range of theoretical options in play in those debates. For this reason, a new framework is needed for characterizing the topography of debates in this area. This paper argues that we can develop the requisite framework if we invoke a distinction Aristotle draws between opposing attempts to identify, as he puts it, the substance of familiar sensible particulars. The distinction is that between what have been called the relational and constituent approaches to the character of familiar particulars. The contrast between those approaches is explained in the paper, and it is shown how the distinction provides the materials for a more satisfactory account of the debate over universals.

Keywords:   problem of universals, constituent ontology, relational ontology, properties, abstracta

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