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Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey

Ryan Gingeras


This book explores the history of organized crime in Turkey and the roles gangs and gangsters have played in the making of the Turkish state and Turkish politics. Turkey’s underworld, which has been at the heart of several devastating scandals over the last few decades, is an institution strongly tied to the country’s long history of opium production and heroin trafficking. As an industry at the center of the Ottoman Empire’s long transition into the modern Turkish Republic, the modern rise of the opium and heroin trade helped to solidify and complicate long-standing relationships between stat ... More

Keywords: Organized Crime, Heroin, Turkey, Deep State, Mafia, Ottoman Empire

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780198716020
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2014 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716020.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Ryan Gingeras, author
Associate Professor, Department of National Security Affairs Naval Postgraduate School