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Agricultural EnlightenmentKnowledge, Technology, and Nature, 1750-1840$
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Peter M. Jones

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716075

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716075.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 13 May 2021

Technology in Agriculture

Technology in Agriculture

(p.107) 5 Technology in Agriculture
Agricultural Enlightenment

Peter M. Jones

Oxford University Press

The discussion of the role of technology during the period of Agricultural Enlightenment follows naturally from the preceding chapter. In the context of Chapter 5 ‘technology’ is understood to embrace practices (e.g. improved crop rotations) and skilled farm labour and management, as well as hardware (more effective ploughs, threshing machines etc.). It is demonstrated that the very notion of technology as opposed to natural knowledge or ‘science’ was largely a product of the late Enlightenment, and one which came to prominence, whether in agriculture or in industry, during the period of acute geo-political rivalry marking the close of the eighteenth century in Europe. This chapter focuses particularly on the issue of the transferability or mobility of technology and on the ways in which landlords and governments contrived to shift skills and productive techniques from one location to another.

Keywords:   technology, science, learning-by-doing, transfer, circulation, skill, networks, hand-tools, machines

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