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Reconceptualizing Development in the Global Information Age$
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Manuel Castells and Pekka Himanen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716082

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716082.001.0001

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Development, Democracy, and Social Change in Chile

Development, Democracy, and Social Change in Chile

(p.175) Chapter 7 Development, Democracy, and Social Change in Chile
Reconceptualizing Development in the Global Information Age

Fernando Calderón

Manuel Castells

Oxford University Press

Chile under Dictator Augusto Pinochet was presented as the archetypical example of the free market development model that came to be known as neoliberalism. Here we contrast two different models of development within the same country: one that disregarded human development, and another that embedded human development within economic development. The chapter also analyzes the current third period after 2010 when the new conservative government was elected: the rise of social inequality has been combined with dysfunctional particracy that excludes citizens from public debate and this has led to the rise of powerful social movements i that challenge the priority given to economic competitiveness over human development. After proceeding with this analysis on Chile, the text concludes by considering the relationship between human development, informational development, and political development in Latin America, as well as the lessons this analysis may provide for the international experience.

Keywords:   models of development, liberal model, human development model, informationalism, social movements, democracy

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