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Elections and DemocracyRepresentation and Accountability$
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Jacques Thomassen

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716334

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716334.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 May 2021

New Patterns of Democracy in the Countries of the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems 2

New Patterns of Democracy in the Countries of the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems 2

Chapter:
(p.20) 2 New Patterns of Democracy in the Countries of the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems 2
Source:
Elections and Democracy
Author(s):

Julian Bernauer

Nathalie Giger

Adrian Vatter

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716334.003.0002

The chapter introduces a new database on political-institutional patterns of democracy used in the contributions to the book. It provides an update and extension of Lijphart’s (1999, 2012) measurement of consensus and majoritarian democracy for the countries of the second wave of the CSES during the period 1997–2006, using 11 partly improved indicators. The chapter explores patterns of democracy by the means of factor analysis, construct additive indices, and present the resulting country scores of consensus and majoritarian democracy graphically. Two variants are presented, one featuring Lijphart’s (1999) classic ‘executives–parties’ and ‘federal–unitary’ dimensions, and another incorporating direct democracy into the framework, yielding an additional ‘cabinets–direct democracy’ dimension.

Keywords:   patterns of democracy, Arend Lijphart, consensus democracy, majoritarian democracy, direct democracy

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