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The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition$
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Peter J. Hogarth

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716549

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716549.001.0001

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The Mangrove Community: Marine Components

The Mangrove Community: Marine Components

(p.107) 6 The Mangrove Community: Marine Components
The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition

Peter J. Hogarth

Oxford University Press

Marine organisms such as barnacles and sponges settle on mangrove stems, aerial roots, pneumatophores, and seedlings, where they may block lenticels and impede growth and survival. Crabs, particularly sesarmids, eat fallen leaves and damage seedlings. Fiddler crabs are deposit feeders. Collectively, crabs are of major importance in energy flow through the ecosystem, and by burrowing and other activities alter the environment: they are significant ecosystem engineers. Molluscs, fish, and meiofanual organisms also play major roles in the mangrove ecosystem.

Keywords:   crabs, deposit feeders, ecosystem engineers, epibionts, fish, herbivory meiofauna, molluscs, physiological adaptation, root-fouling

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