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Deference in International Courts and TribunalsStandard of Review and Margin of Appreciation$
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Lukasz Gruszczynski and Wouter Werner

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716945

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716945.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2021

Subsidiarity in the Americas

Subsidiarity in the Americas

What Room Is There for Deference in the Inter-American System?

(p.289) 16 Subsidiarity in the Americas
Deference in International Courts and Tribunals

Bernard Duhaime

Oxford University Press

Chapter 16 investigates the extent to which the IACHR and IACtHR express deference to States in their implementation of the American Convention of Human Rights. In this context, the chapter identifies different mechanisms that serve this aim, including the fourth instance formula and the margin of appreciation doctrine. The chapter notes that the Inter-American institutions have been rather reluctant to defer to domestic legislative, administrative and judicial institutions when assessing human rights violations cases. According to Duhaime, part of the System’s hesitation to defer seems to come from the limited capacity that national agencies have often shown in effectively protecting human rights in the region. It adds that as the Hemisphere progresses towards democracy and consolidates its institutions and practices towards States governed by the rule of law (with effective judicial authorities), one could expect a greater use of the margin of appreciation doctrine by both the Commission and Court.

Keywords:   IACHR, IACtHR, deference, American Convention of Human Rights, margin of appreciation, fourth instance formula

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