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Deference in International Courts and TribunalsStandard of Review and Margin of Appreciation$
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Lukasz Gruszczynski and Wouter Werner

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198716945

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716945.001.0001

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Deference in the ICC Practice Concerning Admissibility Challenges Lodged by States

Deference in the ICC Practice Concerning Admissibility Challenges Lodged by States

(p.355) 19 Deference in the ICC Practice Concerning Admissibility Challenges Lodged by States
Deference in International Courts and Tribunals

Karolina Wierczynska

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyses the approach of the ICC in admissibility proceedings initiated by States, concentrating on the same person and same conduct tests, as well as the criteria used to assess the quality of a national proceeding. In this context, the chapter pays special attention to two related mechanisms that control the extent of the Court’s scrutiny: standard of review and standard of proof. After examining the relevant case law, it concludes that both standards are still in statu nascendi, with the ICC applying a case-by-case methodology. The chapter calls for a more principled approach, which would provide States with a clear set of the criteria that make a particular case admissible. In doing so, it argues that although the Court needs into account different objectives of the Rome Statute, a special place should be occupied by the complementarity principle.

Keywords:   International Criminal Court, ICC, challenge of admissibility, complementarity, standard of proof, standard of review, deference

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